A contingency plan contains the procedures and specifies the actions for the control of sudden unforeseen situations. The goal is to diminish the probable consequences of an emergency by:
- preventing fatalities and injuries;
- reducing damage to infrastructures, facilities, stock, and equipment;
- increasing the resumption of normal operations.
The role of geospatial intelligence is to make a full description of the vulnerable areas, assess the potential extension of the disaster and evaluate measures that mitigate or neutralize the restrictions to the normal emergency procedures.
Support to evacuation operations
A Comprehensive Evacuation Plan should consider all the emergency management phases but, equally, all types of disaster should be considered as well as theirs impacts. However, the risk assessment is different for each disaster, therefore “Treating all hazards the same in terms of planning resource allocation ultimately leads to failure” (Wayne Blanchard and Lawrence, 2007).
Whenever possible, the maximum amount of information about the region to be analysed should be collected. This way, it is possible to create better results, while avoiding being too vague. Following the emergency management, geospatial data and its analysis are fundamental for planning and operations.
Rapid mapping is the production of digital spatial data in a short period to meet the users’ primary goal: time. Typically, the objective is to rapidly produce data over a region with the smallest quantity of information initially, and then increase the content and coverage over time. Assuming that imagery is available, the production process can take from hours to days and involves participation from different groups within an organization.
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