Within the border surveillance service, the main objectives are to reduce the number of illegal immigrants entering the EU undetected, to reduce the death toll of human lives at sea and to increase internal security of the European Union as a whole by contributing to the prevention of cross-border crime.
A Delegation Agreement was signed in November 2015; the European Commission entrusted Frontex - the European Border and Coast Guard Agency – with the border surveillance component of the Copernicus Security Service to support the EU’s external border surveillance information exchange framework (EUROSUR) by providing real-time data on what is happening on land and sea around the EU’s borders.
The signature of the Service Level Agreement (SLA) between SatCen and Frontex in March 2015 intensified the cooperation between the two Agencies, SatCen started its operational support in its efforts to monitor coastal activity and external border activity related to the migration crisis. In this context, the analysis of satellite imagery was used to identify routes, means of transport, patterns of the launch and landing operations and border crossing activities.
In the context of the SLA signed with Frontex, apart from the normal products, service evolution is also provided, enabling the continuous improvement of SatCen´s service provision to Frontex based on further developing the existing technical capabilities or exploring new ones and matching these with the end user requirements (Member States' National Coordination Centres and Frontex), designing new services in the short term.